Posted by Andrea Stone on 10.31.17
The majority of textile manufacturing companies are continually improving existing products and developing new manufacturing processes. From a product standpoint, activities undertaken to develop new product offerings qualify for the R&D credit. Similarly, activities revolving around changes to existing products that enhance or improve performance, reliability or quality may also qualify for the R&D credit.
Apparel manufacturing companies are also eligible for the research and development tax credit for any activities relating to creating new and or improving existing manufacturing processes. In order to remain competitive in the market, companies are constantly researching and developing ways to manufacture textiles faster, with better quality and for less money. This can include automating processes, eliminating waste, recycling waste material, and many others.
Some Textile and Apparel Manufacturing Activities that qualify for R&D
A large range of “smart textiles and apparel” are being developed worldwide, including those that interact with the surroundings, react to external stimuli, store and release energy, and are conductive and connect via electronics. In the healthcare field, current research is being conducted with “smart” textiles and apparel such as shirts with smart sensors that can measure, transmit and record key health indicators of the wearer including heart rate, respiration, skin temperature and posture. The potential in sports clothing has drawn big name sports wear manufacturers like Nike, which recently patented wearable safety gear for runners for instance an arm band embedded with soft light which is comfortable and affordable. An Australian textile company is developing wearable body mapping garments for assessing and improving sports performance. With an interactive sleeve the material has sensors that give athletes real-time feedback on their movements, such as a basketball player’s goal shooting skills. While use of smart textiles is no longer new, there is growing demand for hi-tech, low cost materials with self-cleaning properties as well as manufacturing methods that reduce energy and water consumption.
Textile and apparel manufacturing companies attempting to develop new or improved products like “smart textiles”, processes, or software are eligible for federal and state R&D tax credits. These credits can equal up to 15 percent or more of qualified spending costs, i.e., taxable wages, supply expenses, and a percentage of contract research expenses related to the research conducted.
R&D tax credits are dollar-for-dollar reductions in tax liability. These credits allow manufacturers of all sizes to reduce their effective tax rate as well as increase their cash flow, earnings per share, and return on investment. Eligible activities include attempting to develop or improve products, manufacturing equipment, prototypes, new materials, environmental impact, automation opportunities, lean manufacturing, and software.
What Manufacturing Companies Need to Do to Take Advantage of This Opportunity
Documentation is key in any R&D credit claim. This includes documentation regarding the activities taken place, those involved and to what extent, as well as any costs incurred during the research process, such as supplies or contractors. Far too many taxpayers rely on non-specialist preparers to calculate the R&D credit, often resulting in an audit risk for overstating the credit or leaving opportunity on the table by understating it, as well as not preparing the documentation required to substantiate the credit.
Given the significant funds available in the form of R&D tax credits, it is worth exploring if your textile or apparel manufacturing business qualifies. Tax Point Advisors understands your business and the regulations to confirm if your process or product improvements qualify. For more information, read our e-book: The Manufacturer’s Guide to R&D Tax Credits. For more information, call us at (800) 260-4138, or please leave us a message below.